The Pian (平安kata are the original set of five empty hand forms. The Pian kata were originated in Okinawa by Anko Itosu who adapted older kata such as Kusanku and Channan into forms suitable for teaching to young students.  These kata serve as the foundation to many of the advanced kata within Karate; many of the techniques come from the higher grade katas, especially from Kusanku.

They have since been adopted by many styles; when Gichin Funakoshi brought karate to Japan, he renamed the kata to Heian, which is translated as "peaceful mind". The Chinese translation of Pinan is "safe from harm". Korean Karate sytsems such as Tang Soo Do also practice these kata; they are termed, "Pyong-an", which is a Korean pronunciation of the term "pin-an".  

The chart below gives a quick visual overview of all the techniques required for the kata. The numbers represent the occurrence and also indicate the overall complexity.

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