◾ Terminology 

Click the blue "Play" button to hear the correct Japanese pronunciation of each word.




数え方 Kazoekata (Counting)


Japanese Phonetic English
Ichi "itchy" One
Ni "knee" Two
San "san" Three
Shi "she" Four
Go "go" Five
Roku "rock-ooh" Six
Shichi "she-chee" Seven
Hachi "hatch-ee" Eight
Kyu "cue" Nine
Ju "jew" Ten
Ju-Ichi "jew-itchy" Eleven
Ju-Ni "jew-knee" Twelve
Ju-San "jew-san" Thirteen
Ju-Shi "jew-shee" Fourteen
Ju-Go "jew-go" Fifteen
Ju-Roku "jew-rock-ooh" Sixteen
Ju-Shichi "jew-she-chee" Seventeen
Ju-Hachi "jew-hatch-ee" Eighteen
Ju-Kyu "ju-cue" Nineteen
Ni-Ju "knee-jew" Twenty
San-Ju "san-jew" Thirty
Yon-Ju "yon-jew" Forty
Go-Ju "go-jew" Fifty
Roku-Ju "rock-ooh-jew" Sixty
Nana-Ju "nanna-jew" Seventy
Hahci-Ju "hatch-ee-jew" Eighty
Kyu-Ju "cue-jew" Ninety
Hyaku "h-ya-coo" One Hundred
Ni-Hyaku "knee=h-ya-coo" Two Hundred
San-Byaku "San-b-ya-coo" Three Hundred
Sen "sen" One Thousand

突き技 Punching (Tsukiwaza)

Oi Zuki [oy-zoo-key] Stepping/Walking (Obverse) Punch

Gyaku Zuki [gyak-ooh-zoo-key] Reverse Punch

Kizami Zuki [key-zammy-zoo-key] Front-Hand Punch

Choku Zuki [choc-ooh-zoo-key] Straight Punch

Nagashi Zuki [nag-ashy-zoo-key] Reaching Punch

Yama Zuki [yam-a-zoo-key] Mountain Punch

Awasa Zuki [awwa-sah-zoo-key] Opposing Double Punch

Sakasa Zuki [sah-kah-sah-zoo-key] Upturned Punch

Mawashi Zuki [mah-wash-ee-zoo-key] Roundhouse Punch

Kage Zuki [kag-ee-zoo-key] Hooked Punch

Tate Zuki [tat-ee-zoo-key] Vertical Punch

Yoko Zuki [yo-co.-zoo-key] Sidewards Punch

Ippon Ken Zuki [ippon-ken-zoo-key] One-Knuckle Fist

Morote Zuki [morrow-tay-zoo-key] Twin-Fist Punch

Ren Zuki [wren-zoo-key] Alternate Punching

蹴り技 Kicking (Keriwaza)

Mae Geri [my-ger-ee] Front Kick

Yoko Geri [yo-co.-ger-ee] Side Kick

Sokuto Geri [sock-ooh-toe-ger-ee] Foot-Edge Kick

Fumikomi Geri [foo-me-co.-me-ger-ee] Stamping Kick

Kakato Geri [kah-kay-toe-ger-ee] Heel Kick

Mikazuki Geri [mick-a-zoo-key-ger-ee] Crescent Kick

Ashi Barai [ashy-bah-rye] Leg Sweep

Nami-gaeshi Geri [nammy-guy-ashy-ger-ee] Rippling-Foot Kick

Striking (Uchiwaza)

Shuto Uchi [shoe-toe-ooh-chi] Knife-Hand Strike

Seiryuto [serry-ooh-toe] Knife-Edge Strike

Tetsui Uchi [tet-sue-ee-ooh-chi] Hammer-Fist Strike

Nukite [nu-key-tay] Spear-Hand Thrust

Ippon Nukite [ip-on-nu-key-tay] Single finger Thrust

Haito Uchi [hi-toe-ooh-chi] Ridge-Hand Strike

Nihon Nukite [knee-honn-nu-key-tay] Double finger Thrust

Tate Empi [tat-ee-em-pee] Vertical Elbow Strike

Yoko Empi [yo-co.-em-pee] Sideways Elbow Strike

Yoko Hijiyate [yo-co.-hidge-ee-a-tay] Sideways Elbow Strike

Mawashi Empi [mah-wash-ee-em-pee] Round-House Elbow Strike

Otoshi Empi [ah-tosh-ee-em-pee] Dropping Elbow Strike

Ushiro Empi [you-she-roe-em-pee] Backwards Elbow Strike

Teisho Uchi [tay-show-ooh-chi] Palm-Heel Strike

Tora Gae Uchi [toh-rah-gay-ooh-chi] Tiger's Paw Strike

Kamade [cam-add] Bear's Paw Strike

Heishu Uchi [hay-shoe-ooh-chi] Back-Hand Strike

立ち技 Stances (Tachiwaza)

Ki-Dachi [key-datch-ee] Basic Stance

Chokkaku Neko-Ashi Dachi [chock-ack-ooh-neck-oh-a-she-datch-ee] Defensive Cat-Stance

Renoji Neko-Ashi Dachi [ren-oh-gee-neck-o-a-she-datch-ee] Offensive Cat-Stance

Uke Ashi [ooh-key-a-she] Back Stance

Kokutsu Dachi [co.-cut-sue-datch-ee] Back Stance

Zenkutsu Dachi [zen-cut-sue-datch-ee] Front (Walking) Stance

Han-Zenkutsu Dachi [han-zen-cut-sue-datch-ee] Half (Front/Walking) Stance

Heisoku Dachi [hay-sock-ooh-datch-ee] Closed Toe Stance

Musubi Dachi [muh-sue-bee-datch-ee] Open Toe Stance

Heiko Dachi [hay-coo-datch-ee] Straight Leg Stance

Pi'an Dachi [pee-an-datch-ee] Natural Stance

Sho Hachi-Noji Dachi [show-hatch-ee-no-gee-datch-ee] Natural Stance

Naihanchin Dachi [nigh-han-she-datch-ee] Straddle Stance

Sagi-Ashi Dachi [saggy-ash-ee-datch-ee] Heron-Foot/Crane-Foot Stance

Shiko Dachi [she-coo-datch-ee] Bent Leg Stance

Dai Hachi-Noji Dachi [dye-hatch-ee-no-gee-datch-ee] Bent Leg Stance

Kosa Dachi [co.-sah-datch-ee] Cross-Legged Stance

Seisan Dachi [say-san-datch-ee] Kata Stance

受け技 Blocking (Ukewaza)

Jodan Uke [joe-dan-ooh-key] High Block

Age Uke [ag-ee-ooh-key] Rising Block

Wae Uke [why-ooh-key] Close Knife-Hand Block

Te Nagashi [tay-nag-ahsy] Pushing Hand Block

Shuto Uke [shoe-toe-ooh-key] Knife-Hand Block

Chudan Barai [chew-dan-bah-rye] Middle Sweeping Block

Gedan Barai [ghee-dan-bah-rye] Low Sweeping Block

Ude Barai [ooh-deh-bah-rye] Fore-arm Sweeping Block

Shuto Barai [shoe-toe-bah-rye] Knife-Hand Sweeping Block

Otoshi Uke [at-osh-ee-ooh-key] Downward Block

Morote Uke [morrow-tay-ooh-key] Twin-Handed Block

Chudan Kage Uke [kag-ee-ooh-key] Mid bent-Wrist Block

Gedan Kage Uke [kag-ee-ooh-key] Mid bent-Wrist Block

Mawashi Uke [mah-wash-ee-ooh-key] Circular Block

Soto Uke [sew-toe-ooh-key] Outward Block

Soto-Ude Uke [sew-toe-ooh-dee-ooh-key] Outer-Forearm Block

Uchi Uke [ooh-chi-ooh-key] Inward Block

Uchi-Ude Uke [ooh-chi-ooh-dee-ooh-key] Inner-Forearm Block

Habou Uke [hab-ooh-ooh-key] Venomous Snake Block

Manji Uke [man-jee-ooh-key] Temple Block

Manji Gamae [man-jee-gam-eye] Temple Guard

動き方 Moving (Ugokikata)

Kai-ashi [kye-ashy] Stepping

Kitekai Ashi [kit-ee-kye-ashy] Switch-Step (on the spot)

Uri Ashi [your-ee-ashy] Sliding

Tsugi Ashi [zuggy-ashy] Doube-Stepping

Hantei [han-tie] Swap Change

Mawatte [maw-ah-tay] Turn Around

Gyaku [g-yak-ooh] Reverse

Shomen [show-men] Front

Migi [miggy] Left

Hidari [hid-are-ee] Right

Yoko [yo-co.] Side

Koshi Waza [koh-she-wah-zah] Hip Action

Hanmi [han-me] Hips backward

Gyakuhanmi [g-yak-ooh-han-me] Hips forward

Taisabaki [tie-sah-backy] Body Evasion

Hayai [high-eye] Fast

Osoi [oh-soy] Slow

Takai [tak-eye] High

Hikui [hic-wee] Low

Hiroi [he-roy] Wide

Semai [sem-eye] Narrow

Katai [cat-eye] Hard/Solid

Ranging & Timing

Jodan [joe-dan] High Level (Attack/Defence)

Chudan [chew-dan] Middle Level (Attack/Deffence)

Gedan [gee-dan] Low Level (Attack/Defence)

Maai [mah-eye] Personal Space (Safe Distance)

Go no Sen [go-know-sen] Attack, then counter (Timing)

Sen no sen [sen-know-sen] Defend and counter at the same time (Timing)

Sen Sen no Sen [sen-sen-know-sen] Counter before the attack lands (Timing)

Form (Kata)

Fukyugata-Ichi [foo-cue-gat-ah-itch-ee] Basic Promotional Kata - One

Fukyugata-Ni [foo-cue-gat-ah-knee] Basic Promotional Kata - Two

Pi'an Shodan [pee-an-show-dan] First Pi'an Kata

Pi'an Nidan [pee-an-knee-dan] Second Pi'an Kata

Pi'an Sandan [pee-an-san-dan] Third Pi'an Kata

Pi'an Yondan [pee-an-yon-dan] Fourth Pi'an Kata

Pi'an Godan [pee-an-go-dan] Fifth Pi'an Kata

Naihanchin Shodan [nigh-han-shin show-dan] First Naihanchi Kata

Naihanchin Nidan [nigh-han-shin knee-dan] Second Naihanchi Kata

Naihanchin Sandan [nigh-han-shin san-dan] Third Naihanchi Kata

Itosu-no Passai [it-oss-ooh-no-pass-eye] Itosu's Passai Kata

Passai Sho (Itosu-no Passai) [pass-eye show] [it-oss-ooh-no-pass-eye] Itosu's Passai Kata

Matsumura-no Passai [mat-sue-moor-ah-no-pass-eye] Matsumura's Passai Kata

Passai Dai [pass-eye dye] Matsumura's Passai Kata

Jion [jee-on] First Temple Kata

Jitte [jit-aye] Second Temple Kata (10 Hands)

Seisan [say-san] "13" Kata

Kusanku Sho [coo-sank-ooh-show] Kusanku's first Kata

Kusanku Dai [coo-sank-ooh-dye] Kusanku's second Kata

Chinti [chin-tea] "Unusual Hands" Kata

Chinto [chin-toe] Chinto's Kata (A.K.A. Annan's Kata)

Gojushiho [go-jew-she-hoe] "54" Kata

Arakaki-no Sochin [ah-rah-gak-ee-no so-chin] Arakaki's Sochin Kata

Grade and Rank (Kaikyū)

Shoshinsha [show-shin-sha] Beginner

Kohai [co.-high] A newer dojo member than yourself

Senpai [sen-pie] A longer-standing dojo member than youself

Sensei [sen-say] Teacher

Shodan [show-dan] First degree black-belt

Nidan [knee-dan] Second degree black-belt

Sandan [san-dan] Third degree black-belt

Yondan [yon-dan] Fourth degree black-belt

Godan [go-dan] Fifth degree black-belt

Rokudan [rock-ooh-dan] Sixth degree black-belt

Nanadan [nanna-dan] Seventh degree black-belt

Hachidan [hatch-ee-dan] Eighth degree black-belt

Kyudan [cue-dan] Ninth degree black-belt

Judan [jew-dan] Tenth degree black-belt

Renshi [wren-she] An awarded Title

Kyoshi [k-yo-she] An awarded Title
Hanshi [han-she] An awarded Title

Shihan [she-han] Instructor

Dojo Training (Renshū)

Yoi [y-o-ee] Ready

Tsuki Yoi [sue-key-y-o-ee] Ready to Punch

Keri Yoi [kerry-y-o-ee] Ready to Kick

Kamae [cam-eye] Guard

Hajime [ha-jim-aye] Begin

Yame [yam-aye] Stop

Rei [ray] Bow

Dojo [dough-joe] Training Hall

Kobayahsi [co.-buy-ashy] Shorin Ryu

Kihon [key-hon] Basics

Kata [cat-ah] Pattern/Form

Bunkai [bunk-aye] Analysis

Kiai [key-aye] Shout

Ippon Kumite [ip-on-coo-me-tay] One Step Sparring

Jiyu Kumite [gee-you-coo-me-tay] Free Sparring

Yakusoku Kumite [yak-ooh-sock-ooh-coo-me-tay] Pre-arranged Sparring

Tuide [two-ee-day] Joint-Lockinig/Grappling

Atemi [at-emmy] Striking At The Body

Wakarimasuka? [whack-arry-mask-ah] Do You Understand?

Wakarimasen [whak-arry-mass-hen] I Don't Understand

Wakarimasu [whack-arr-mass-ooh] I Understand

Hai! [high] Affirmative

Dozo [dough-zo] Please (friendly)

Ganbatte [gan-bat-aye] Do Your Best

Ganbarre [gan-bah-re] Good Luck

Tameshiwari [tam-eshy-wah-ree] Smashing/Breaking Techniques

Kushinundo [cushin-un-doh] Squatting Exercise

Tenchinundo [ten-chin-un-doh] Training Exercise

Jumbinundo [Jum-bee-un-doh] Training Exercise

Hojoundo [hoe-joe-un-doh] Conditioning Exercise

So Desu [sew-dess] That's it!

II Desu Ka [eeh-dess-kah] Is that ok?

Onegai Shimasu [on-a-guy-she-mass] Please

Arigato [arry-gatteaux] Thank You (friendly)

Arigato Gozaimashita [arry-gatteaux go-zye-mash-tah] Thank You For What You Have Done (formal)

Otagai-ni Rei [oh-tag-in-knee-ray] Bow to Each Other

Sensei-ni Rei [sen-say-knee-ray] Bow to the Teacher

Shomen-ni Rei [show-men-knee-ray] Bow to the Front

School's Tenets (Dojo Kun)

Seek Truth and Foster Honesty

Train and Learn Diligently

Help Others as Best You Can

Respect Life and Living Things

Use Karate to Better Your World

Other

Atsui [at-sue-ee] Hot

Samui [sam-wee] Cold

Dozo Yuroshiku [Dough-zo-you-rosh-coo] Pleased to meet you Let's begin a friendship

Hajimemashite [ha-jim-may-mashy-tay] Let's begin a friendship

Hontouni Kandoushita [hon-toe-knee-can-dough-she-tah] I'm very impressed

Imoshiroi [??] Iteresting/Funny

Tanohsi [??] Fun

Sugoi [??] Cool/Groovy

Daijobudeska? [??] Are you OK/alright?

Hai, daijobudesu [??] Yes, I am OK/alright

O Genki Desuka? [oh-gen-key-dess-kah] How are you?

Genki Desu [gen-key-dess] I am fine

Ohio Gozaimasu [oh-high-oh-go-zye-mass] Good Morning

Konichiwa [con-each-ee-wa] Good Day

Konbanwa [con-ban-wa] Good Evening

Oyasumi Nasai [oi-ya-sue-me-nah-sigh] Good Night

Jaa Matane [jar-matter-nay] See you later

Watashi no Namae-wa "Tinsley, Peter" desu [wa-tash-ee-no-nam-eye-wa-"Tinsley-Peter"-dess] My Name is "Peter Tinsley" (Formal)

Watashi-wa "Peter" desu [wa-tash-ee-wa-"Peter"-dess] I am "Peter" (Informal)

Nihongo ga sukoshi dekimasu [knee-hon-go-gah sue-koshy-deck-ee-mass] I speak a little Japanese



Tsuki Waza (Punching)


Japanese Phonetic English
Oi Zuki "??" ??
Gyaku Zuki "??" ??
Kizami Zuki "??" ??
Jun Zuki "??" ??
Choku Zuki "??" ??
Nagashi Zuki "??" ??
Yama Zuki "??" ??
Uchina Zuki "??" ??
Awasa Zuki "??" ??
Sakasa Zuki "??" ??
Mawashi Zuki "??" ??
Kage Zuki "??" ??
Tate Zuki "??" ??
Yoko Zuki "??" ??
Ippon Ken Zuki "??" ??
Morote Zuki "??" ??
Ren Zuki "??" ??



Keri Waza (Kicking)


Japanese Phonetic English
Mae Geri "??" ??
Yoko Geri "??" ??
Sokuto Geri "??" ??
Fumikomi Geri "??" ??
Kakato Geri "??" ??
Mikazuki Geri "??" ??
Ashi Barai "??" ??
Nami-gaeshi Geri "??" ??



Uchi Waza (Striking)


Japanese Phonetic English
Shuto Uchi "??" ??
Seiryuto "??" ??
Tetsui Uchi "??" ??
Nukite "??" ??
Ippon Nukite "??" ??
Nihon Nukite "??" ??
Haito Uchi "??" ??
Nihon Nukite "??" ??
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Tachi Waza (Stances)


Japanese Phonetic English
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Uke Waza (Defence/Blocking)


Japanese Phonetic English
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Ugoki (Moving)


Japanese Phonetic English
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Ninshiki (Ranging & Timing)


Japanese Phonetic English
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Kata (Form)


Japanese Phonetic English
Fukyugata-Ichi "" ??
Fukyugata-Ni "" ??
Pi'an Shodan "??" ??
Pi'an Nidan "??" ??
Pi'an Sandan "??" ??
Pi'an Yondan "??" ??
Pi'an Godan "??" ??
Naihanchin Shodan "??" ??
Naihanchin Nidan "??" ??
Naihanchin Sadan "??" ??
Itosu-no Passai "??" ??
Passai Sho (Itosu-no Passai) "??" ??
Matsumura-no Passai "??" ??
Passai Dai (Matsumura-no Passai) "??" ??
Jion "??" ??
Jitte "??" ??
Seisan "??" ??
Kusanku Sho "??" ??
Kusanku Dai "??" ??
Unshu "??" ??
Chinti "??" ??
Chinto "??" ??
Gojushiho "??" ??
Arakaki-no Sochin "??" ??



Kaikyū (Grade & Rank)


Japanese Phonetic English
Shoshinsa "??" ??
Kohai "??" ??
Senpai "??" ??
Sensei "??" ??
Shodan "??" ??
Nidan "??" ??
Sandan "??" ??
Yondan "??" ??
Godan "??" ??
Rokudan "??" ??
Nanadan "??" ??
Hachidan "??" ??
Kyudan "??" ??
Judan "??" ??
Renshi "??" ??
Kyoshi "??" ??
Hanshi "??" ??
Shihan "??" ??

All audio herein created by Pete Tinsley using IMtranslator text-to-speech engine. Not subject to Public Domain.

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